Saturday, November 26, 2016

Netiquette IQ Blog Of 11/26/16 END OF NET NEUTRALITY MAY BEGIN IN JUNE OF 2017


Unfortunately, the world is at another critical juncture for Net Neutrality. My blog has had a number of these discussions over the years. Let's do all we can to keep the Internet free of controls and financial interests!
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THE END OF NET NEUTRALITY MAY BEGIN IN JUNE OF 2017

White House transition team appointments could reverse the FCC’s Open Internet Order of 2015

Network World | Nov 22, 2016 11:47 AM PT 
 The end of net neutrality may begin in June of 2017
Trump appoints critics of net neutrality rules to FCC transition team

The Open Internet Order protects an open internet, preventing ISPs from charging extra fees for connecting internet services such as Netflix or the next innovative startup to consumers. This would bring higher prices to Netflix customers or create a barrier to startups entering the market with an innovative new service, like all the voice, video and messaging communications consumers use for free. The FCC approved the Open Internet Order (pdf) in 2015 in a sharply divided, partisan vote. Democratic commissioners Jessica Rosenworcel and Mignon Clyburn voted for it, and Republican commissioners Ajit Pai and Michael O'Rielly voted against it. Chairman Thomas Wheeler cast the deciding vote. The FCC chairman and commissioners are appointed by the President. Rosenworcel’s term ends in June of 2017, and based on the direction of Trump’s appointments, a Republican in favor of overturning the net neutrality order will be appointed. Pai’s term ends then, too, but it seems likely that he will be reappointed or a like-minded person will be appointed, shifting a vote on future rulemaking against net neutrality. For the time being, Chairman Wheeler can moderate and perhaps slow any rulemaking to implement legislation passed by a Republican Congress. But when Wheeler's successor is appointed to replace him in June of 2018, the incoming chairman will be able to fast-track the direction of the FCC implementation of past and new legislation passed by a Republican majority.

How FCC regulations are created

Telecommunications policy making is a dry subject, boring enough to make watching paint dry seem exciting. In a nutshell:
•Each time Congress enacts a law affecting telecommunications, the FCC develops rules to implement the law.
•After that, a Notice of Inquiry (NOI) is issued by the FCC for fact gathering that will be summarized for public comment. The FCC’s website crashed after comedian John Oliver’s impassioned speech in favor of net neutrality when the NOI was opened for public comment.
•The FCC drafts the rule changes in a document called a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) and makes it available for public comment.
•After commentary and revision, the NPRM becomes a Report & Order (R&O) of the rule. Changes are finalized, and the commission votes on its adoption. That’s what happened with the divisive Open Internet Order.
•The well-funded telecommunications industry can appeal the R&O in court.

Paint dries much faster than congressional legislation become FCC rules.

The Open Internet Order is rooted in the 1996 Telecommunications Act, specifically §706, which was interpreted to mean that the FCC had the power to promote competitive broadband speeds throughout the country through a process of enquiry and investigation and apply remedies where it found that the deployment of advanced telecommunications capabilities to all Americans, in particular elementary and secondary schools and classrooms, were not reasonable and timely.

When the FCC found a disparity in reasonableness and timeliness of infrastructure deployment, under §706 it could create incentives with price caps or it could take measures that promote competition in the local telecommunications market—or other regulating methods that remove barriers to infrastructure investment.

To put this in perspective, after the FCC published its Sixth Broadband Deployment Report in 2010, the FCC adopted a new threshold for broadband speeds that it would measure ISPs’ deployment to be reasonable and timely. The prior threshold was a snail-slow 1Mbps download and 200Kbps upload speed. The FCC raised the threshold to 4Mbps download and 1Mbps upload speed. Today the threshold stands at 25Mbps/3Mbps.

Verizon challenged the FCC order

Verizon appealed to United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. In Verizon v. the FCC, Verizon challenged the FCC’s order and opposed the FCC’s powers to regulate ISPs that did not comply with the new and snail-slow threshold. In 2014, the FCC won. The court confirmed that in the absence of compliance to the new thresholds, the FCC could regulate them. Comcast had failed to make a similar case before Verizon’s appeal.
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In addition to this blog, Netiquette IQ has a website with great assets which are being added to on a regular basis. I have authored the premiere book on Netiquette, “Netiquette IQ - A Comprehensive Guide to Improve, Enhance and Add Power to Your Email". My new book, “You’re Hired! Super Charge Your Email Skills in 60 Minutes. . . And Get That Job!” has just been published and will be followed by a trilogy of books on Netiquette for young people. You can view my profile, reviews of the book and content excerpts at:

 www.amazon.com/author/paulbabicki

Anyone who would like to review the book and have it posted on my blog or website, please contact me paul@netiquetteiq.com.

In addition to this blog, I maintain a radio show on BlogtalkRadio  and an online newsletter via paper.li.I have established Netiquette discussion groups with Linkedin and  Yahoo I am also a member of the International Business Etiquette and Protocol Group and Minding Manners among others. I regularly consult for the Gerson Lehrman Group, a worldwide network of subject matter experts and I have been contributing to the blogs Everything Email and emailmonday . My work has appeared in numerous publications and I have presented to groups such as The Breakfast Club of NJ and  PSG of Mercer County, NJ.


Additionally, I am the president of Tabula Rosa Systems, a “best of breed” reseller of products for communications, email, network management software, security products and professional services.  Also, I am the president of Netiquette IQ. We are currently developing an email IQ rating system, Netiquette IQ, which promotes the fundamentals outlined in my book.

Over the past twenty-five years, I have enjoyed a dynamic and successful career and have attained an extensive background in IT and electronic communications by selling and marketing within the information technology marketplace.
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